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NamimnoRC Flash

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Check your Target

There are more ESP8285 based RXes in the market due to massive shortage of STM32 Chips. These support WiFi updating, and can be easily distinguished with a few tricks. The simplest way to tell is if on the rear of the RX (the side without the U.fl/SMD antenna) there is a large white component with the label RainSun (pictured below). If this is not there, you have an STM32 based target, if it is you have an _ESP_ target, and can update using Wifi!

RainSun Antenna

Note

New versions of the receiver also have the PCB Wifi Antenna, and doesn't have the Rainsun SMD Antenna mentioned above. These will use the same ESP-based Target, not the STM-based target.

Wiring up your receiver

Note

There are Flight Controllers that will pull the RX pads LOW which will put the ESP-based receivers into Bootloader Mode unintentionally. A solid LED light on these receivers even with the TX module off is a sign they are in Bootloader Mode. If this is the case, rewire the receiver to a different UART.

NamimnoRC Flash

Flash v1; ESP-based

NamimnoRC Flash V2 SMD

Flash V2 SMD; ESP-based

NamimnoRC Flash V2 T

Flash V2 T-Dipole; ESP-based

NamimnoRC Flash V2 Diversity

Flash V2 Diversity; ESP-based

The images above show the receiver pinouts and their connections. As we're dealing with UART connection, Rx on receiver goes to a TX pad on the FC, and Tx on the receiver goes to an uninverted Rx pad on the FC.

There are Flight Controllers that put their Receiver UART's RX pads Low, which in turn, puts the ESP-based (e.g. EP1 and EP2) receivers to Bootloader mode unintentionally. One remedy is to wire them into a different UART, or wire a pull-up resistor (300-1k ohm) between the Rx pad of the FC and a 3.3v or 5v pad, as shown below.

pull up

Wiring up receiver

Configuring your Flight Controller

To configure your flight controller properly, please go through Configure FC page. These settings apply on INAV, Betaflight and other flight controller software.

Ports Tab should be setup so that Serial RX is on the UART where you have soldered the receiver.

Receiver protocol is CRSF with serialrx_inverted = off and serialrx_halfduplex = off.

The next step will not be able to proceed properly and you'll have issues later if any of these are set differently. Once you have configured your Flight Controller software, close its Configurator and unplug-replug the USB cable from the FC or your computer. This will refresh the connection and you'll be ensured that the port is not busy (of high importance with the Passthrough Flashing Method).

Flashing via Passthrough

  • Targets:

    • NamimnoRC_FLASH_2400_ESP_RX_via_BetaflightPassthrough
    • NamimnoRC_FLASH_2400_RX_via_BetaflightPassthrough
    • NamimnoRC_FLASH_2400_ESP_RX_PA_via_BetaflightPassthrough
  • Device Category:

    • NamimnoRC FLASH 2.4 GHz
  • Device:

    • NamimnoRC FLASH 2400 ESP RX
    • NamimnoRC FLASH 2400 RX
    • NamimnoRC FLASH 2400 ESP Diversity RX

via Passthrough

Flashing via Passthrough

STM-based receivers

Once wired properly to your FC, connect USB. Did your receiver powered up too (with both LEDs lit)? If so, disconnect USB, hold the bind button on your receiver, and reconnect to USB. The LED should start alternating between the Green and Red LEDs. Once it's alternating, you can then let go of the Bind Button.

If your receiver didn't get powered from USB, have a lipo ready and continue with the next steps. On the ExpressLRS Configurator, with your Firmware Options set, click on Build & Flash. Like on the TX module, it will take a while on the first time. Watch out for the PASSTHROUGH INIT stage. This stage will check your FC Configuration for the Serial RX UART (Software Inversion via "set serialrx_inverted" and Half Duplex mode via "set serialrx_halfduplex" will be checked; both should be off.)

Build & Flash

Once Retry... lines appear, connect a LiPo if your receiver isn't powered by the USB (i.e. power up your receiver and FC). On subsequent flash, you can have the LiPo plugged in and receiver powered up from the start.

Wait for this process to finish. It's done once the "Success" prompt is shown.

ESP-based receivers

Make sure you have your receiver wired properly. Rx pad on the Receiver wired up to a Tx pad on the FC, and the Tx pad on the Receiver wired up to an Rx pad on the FC. Also make sure you have setup your FC firmware to use CRSF Protocol, and that the UART is not inverted or running in half duplex.

For the following steps, you should be disconnected from Betaflight or INAV Configurator. Close the FC Configurator and unplug the FC from USB to refresh the connection.

You will need to bridge the Boot pads on the receiver the first time you'll be updating via this method. The Wiring Guide shows where the Boot pads are. A solid LED indicates the receiver is in Bootloader mode when the TX module is OFF (Solid LED also indicates Radio+module & Receiver is bound and has connection).

Note

If you power the receiver and it has solid LED light, your FC is probably pulling the current UART's RX pad LOW which will interfere with the normal and passthrough flashing of this receiver. Find another UART and wire your receiver there instead.

These procedures will not be needed in subsequent passthrough flashing. This is only needed on the first time you'd update the receiver from its factory firmware.

Select the corresponding target in the ExpressLRS Configurator, set your Firmware Options and then click Build and Flash. For first time flashing/updating, it would normally take a while.

Build & Flash

A Success message will be shown once the process is complete.

  • Target:

    • NamimnoRC_FLASH_2400_ESP_RX_via_WIFI
    • NamimnoRC_FLASH_2400_ESP_RX_PA_via_WIFI
  • Device Category:

    • NamimnoRC FLASH 2.4 GHz
  • Device:

    • NamimnoRC FLASH 2400 ESP RX
    • NamimnoRC FLASH 2400 ESP Diversity RX

via WiFi

Updating via WiFi

Method 1

With the receiver wired properly to your FC, select the right target and set your Firmware Options in the ExpressLRS Configurator.

Build the firmware. Once done, it should open a new window where the NamimnoRC_FLASH_2400_ESP_RX-<version>.bin or NamimnoRC_FLASH_2400_ESP_RX_PA-<version>.bin file is. Do not close this window so you can easily navigate to it once it's time to upload the firmware into the receiver.

Build

Power your Flight Controller by either connecting a LiPo or attaching the USB cable (if the receiver gets powered from USB via a 4v5 pad). The receiver's LED will blink slowly at first, and after 20s or 30s (can be adjusted via ExpressLRS Configurator using AUTO_WIFI_ON_INTERVAL), it should blink fast indicating it's on Wifi Hotspot Mode.

LEDSEQ_WIFI_UPDATE

Connect to the Wifi Network the receiver has created. It should be named something like ExpressLRS RX with the same expresslrs password as the TX Module Hotspot.

WiFi Hotspot

Navigate to the same web address as the TX Module (usually http://10.0.0.1). The Firmware upload page should load, and using the File Upload Form, navigate where the correct Receiver NamimnoRC_FLASH_2400_ESP_RX-<version>.bin or NamimnoRC_FLASH_2400_ESP_RX_PA-<version>.bin file is (like with the Tx module, you can also drag-and-drop the firmware file into the form field or use the Browse or Choose File button). Click on the Update button and the firmware file will be uploaded and the update process should commence.

A white page should load momentarily with the message Update Success! Rebooting.... Wait a little bit (you can wait until the LED on the Receiver starts to blink slowly again) and the receiver should be updated. Power cycle the receiver and it should be able to bind with your TX module now (given you have updated the Tx Module as well, and that they have the same binding phrase and options).

Update for version 2.0

Once you have updated to firmware version 2.0 or newer, the Web Update page on the Hotspot will get a few updates of its own. It will get the Update progress bar, and a Popup will be shown for Success or Error messages. Additionally, you can configure Home Network SSID and Password if you chose not to use ExpressLRS Configurator to set them. Once these are set, you can use the two methods below.

JoinNetwork

Method 2

Note

This method will only work once the Home Network SSID and Password has been configured with the receiver.

With the receiver wired properly to your FC, select the right target and set your Firmware Options in the ExpressLRS Configurator.

Build the firmware. Once done, it should open a new window where the NamimnoRC_FLASH_2400_ESP_RX-<version>.bin or NamimnoRC_FLASH_2400_ESP_RX_PA-<version>.bin file is. Do not close this window so you can easily navigate to it once it's time to upload the firmware into the receiver.

Build

Power up your Flight Controller by either connecting a LiPo or attaching the USB cable (if the receiver gets powered from USB via a 4v5 pad). The receiver's LED will blink slowly at first, and after 20s or 30s (can be adjusted via ExpressLRS Configurator using AUTO_WIFI_ON_INTERVAL), it should blink fast indicating it's on Wifi AP Mode. The fast blink will pause and flash fast once again, indicating connection to your Home Network.

LEDSEQ_WIFI_UPDATE

Using your browser, navigate to http://elrs_rx.local/. The Wifi Update page should load. It should show your device target along with the version of the firmware it currently has.

Scroll down to the Firmware Update section, shown below:

Firmware Update

Drag-and-drop the NamimnoRC_FLASH_2400_ESP_RX-<version>.bin or NamimnoRC_FLASH_2400_ESP_RX_PA-<version>.bin file created by the ExpressLRS Configurator into the Choose File field, or manually navigate to the Folder by clicking the Choose File button. Once the correct file is selected, click the Update. Wait for the process to complete, indicated by a Green popup screen.

Wait a little bit (you can wait until the LED on the Receiver starts to blink slowly again) and the receiver should be updated.

You can now power down your Flight Controller along with the receiver.

Method 3

Note

This method will only work once the Home Network SSID and Password has been configured with the receiver.

With the receiver wired properly to your FC, select the right target and set your Firmware Options in the ExpressLRS Configurator.

Power up your Flight Controller by either connecting a LiPo or attaching the USB cable (if the receiver gets powered from USB via a 4v5 pad). The receiver's LED will blink slowly at first, and after 20s or 30s (can be adjusted via ExpressLRS Configurator using AUTO_WIFI_ON_INTERVAL), it should blink fast indicating it's on Wifi Mode.

LEDSEQ_WIFI_UPDATE

Build & Flash the firmware using the ExpressLRS Configurator. Wait for the process to complete, indicated by the "Success" prompt and the Receiver LED has gone back to the Slow Blink mode. You can now power down the Flight Controller.

Build & Flash

RXUpload Log

Updating via FTDI (ESP Only)

  • Target:

    • NamimnoRC_FLASH_2400_ESP_RX_via_UART
    • NamimnoRC_FLASH_2400_ESP_RX_PA_via_UART
  • Device Category:

    • NamimnoRC FLASH 2.4 GHz
  • Device:

    • NamimnoRC FLASH 2400 ESP RX
    • NamimnoRC FLASH 2400 ESP Diversity RX

via UART

Updating via UART

Wire the receiver into the FTDI, with the TX on receiver connected to the Rx on the FTDI, and the RX on receiver connected to the Tx of the FTDI. Wire 5V and GND of the FTDI to 5V and GND of the Receiver. Press the button while powering the RX on, and release - the LED should now be solid.

FTDI Wiring

Select the target and set your Firmware Options and once done, click on Build and Flash.

Build & Flash

  • Target: NamimnoRC_FLASH_2400_RX_via_STLINK

  • Device Category: NamimnoRC FLASH 2.4 GHz

  • Device: NamimnoRC FLASH 2400 RX

via STLink

Updating via STLink

The units provided to the documentation team did not have STM32 chips due to the chip shortage, however, the following should apply. Wire CLK, 3v3, GND and DIO to the recievers STLink pins.

Select the target and set your Firmware Options and once done, click on Build and Flash.

Build & Flash