What is Gemini?¶
Gemini is a dual channel 2.4GHz OR 900MHz system. However, it is currently NOT Dual Band e.g. 2.4GHz and 900MHz simultaneous transmissions.
In Gemini Mode, a TX module simultaneously transmits a packet in two frequencies 40MHz apart for 2.4GHz and ~10MHz apart for 900MHz users. The packet separation used is half of the frequency domain selected and will vary a little. A true diversity Receiver is used to receive both packets simultaneously. Transmitting on 2 separate frequencies provides better interference avoidance and/or mitigation, in a similar way DVDA does by sending repeat packets sequentially on different frequencies. This means, the Receiver has an increased chance of receiving the packet. This results in a much higher and stable LQ.
Via Lua set your Tx AND Rx Antenna Modes to Gemini.
Use Model Config Matching to set the correct antenna mode based on the active Model on the radio. e.g. use Model 5 for single antenna receivers, Model 6 for Gemini-capable receivers.
Introductory Video and Testing¶
What about using Gemini with DVDA?¶
Gemini doubles the redundancy of DVDA modes. For example, D500 sends 2 repeat packets on 2 different frequencies. When using D500 with a Gemini Tx you will now have 4 packets sent across 4 different frequencies.
When using D250 which sends 4 repeat packets across 3 frequencies. With Gemini you will now have 8 repeat packets across 6 different frequencies.
What are the Benefits?¶
Flying in urban environments with lots of RF noise? Gemini will help to dodge the interference and maintain a strong link.
Flying at events with 6 to 8 up racers, plus who knows how many handsets left powered up in the pits, can cause your precious link to take a hit. Gemini is an obvious choice for these environments when every packet counts.
Lovers of Telemetry¶
A Gemini Tx has the advantage of not only sending simultaneous packets, but also receiving simultaneous packets. Or when used in single antenna mode (or switch mode) both antennas will listen for the same TLM packet, in the same way a diversity Rx listens for RC packets. So your TLM link becomes stronger with fewer missed packets, even when not used in Gemini mode and with single antenna receivers.
Airport and Mavlink users¶
For data links a single missed packet can mean more than 1 missed packet. If a single packet is missed, this means the rest of the data that was received for that Mavlink packet is now wasted. As the Mavlink packet may have been split across multiple OTA packets and will not be complete. The single missed packet can turn into 10 packets missed. Gemini will help with making sure you get the highest Mav packet rate possible!
Will Gemini increase my range?¶
No. The packet sensitivity remains the same for the RF Mode (or Packet Rate) used. Gemini will help maintain a higher LQ to the point of failsafe. However failsafe will still happen at approximately the same distance e.g. the moon.
Comparison with other Antenna Modes¶
Is there antenna switching with Gemini? Can Antenna 1 of Receiver talk with Antenna 2 of TX if they are in the same polarization during a flight?¶
Yes, there is antenna switching.
What happens if I use a Gemini Tx, in Gemini Mode, with a single Antenna Receiver?¶
The Gemini Tx will function as designed, in Gemini Mode. The Receiver will only get the signal from the TX it has sync'd with. The other Tx, will act as a noise generator. Therefore, you should set the Tx in either Switch or Single Antenna (Ant1/Ant2) Mode.
What happens if I use a Gemini Tx, in Gemini Mode, with Gemini-incapable Diversity Receivers?¶
As above, with the Receiver antennas only getting sync from one Tx. We recommend setting the TX to non-Gemini Modes.
How does a Gemini Rx behave when paired with a non-Gemini Tx?¶
The Receiver will still listen on both Antennas, but only get sync on one. Both Rx will send out Telemetry, but only one of them will be used.