Using The Lua Script
Now that you have flashed your TX it is time to learn how to use the ELRS lua script!
If you flashed via WiFi or were on a version previous to 2.x you need a different version of the lua than you already installed.
Installing the Lua Script¶
Download the ELRSv2 Lua Script(you can simply right-click, save-as) into your radio's SD Card under the
Scripts/Tools folder and Long Press the "SYS" button (for T16 or similar Radios) or the "Menu" button (for Taranis X9D or similar Radios) to access the Tools Menu where you can find the ExpressLRS script ready to run with only one click.
Here's how it looks in the Tools menu (X9D+ and T16 Shown):
Check if your TX is Connected¶
Enter the Lua script by selecting "ExpressLRS" in the Tools menu and pressing ENTER.
If the parameter list does not populate after a few seconds, and it's stuck at
Loading..., first verify the ExpressLRS module has power by checking its LED. If there is no LED lit up, it is possible the Protocol set for the External Module is incorrect (should be set to CRSF) or that the module is not properly connected to the pins of the JR bay of the radio. Another possible reason is that you haven't updated the firmware of the module to version 2.x.
If parameters do show up, but the Bad/Good section on the right side of the header is showing an unstable value, have a look at your model settings and make sure the Internal RF module is set to Off. If the Bad/Good indicates something other than
0/<your selected packet rate> this means
CRSFshot is not working-- verify that you properly followed the Radio Preparation Guide.
master 942c40 from the photo above is the git branch and commit hash of the firmware version that the module has. You can reference this hash from Releases. On the first photo above,
master means the module is flashed with the
Master Branch with the git commit
942c40. If you're on a Released version or a Release Candidate, this will read something like
2.0-RC1 plus the commit hash of the release.
Colors may differ from Handset to Handset, depending on the current theme in use.
Understanding and Using the Lua Script¶
Now, we can explore the complexities of the lua script, and how to interpret each of its many sections. ExpressLRS supports multiple configuration profiles, and the configuration profile is selected by setting the "Receiver" property in handset Model Setup -> External Module -> Receiver (number).
Do not change parameters while ARMED. When a parameter is changed, the module goes into Parameter Commit mode, interrupting the normal loop. This could result on a desync on some hardware combination which would result in a FAILSAFE.
The first line, "Header", will show you some information about your ExpressLRS link.
The first part will show you the current ExpressLRS TX Module ID, followed by the current status of the link.
0/nnn is your Packet Counter. The second set of numbers should match with your currently selected Packet Rate. e.g. If you've set your Packet Rate to 500Hz, the Packet Counter should show 0/500, which means you're not getting any Bad Packets ( 0 Bad Packets ) and only getting Good Packets ( 500 Good Packets ). Any small fluctuation is normal and often goes back to 100% Good Packets, especially when you change a setting and it's commited into memory.
Should the indicator starts showing Bad Packets, and Good Packets goes down, it isn't a good situation. Make sure your module is not overheating and it's still getting good connection with the radio. This is most dangerous when you're armed and flying several kilometers/miles out, as this could mean a sudden Failsafe.
Connection Status indicator shows your current RC link status. When not connected to any receiver, it will show a dash (
-); while a
C shows up when bound and connected.
Model Mismatched message will also show up to indicate your are connected to a receiver, but the model selected in your radio is incorrect. See the Model Match page for more info about Model Matching.
Packet Rate and Telemetry Ratio¶
These are shown as
Packet Rate and
Telem Ratio in the lua script, which allow you to change your performance parameters.
Packet Ratesets how fast data packets are sent, higher rates send packets more frequently and have lower latency, but have reduced range. The options for Team2.4 are:
50, 150, 250 & 500Hz and the options for Team900 are
25, 50, 100 & 200Hz. The number following the rate in parentheses (e.g. -105dBm for 500Hz) is the Sensitivity Limit for the rate, the lowest RSSI where packets will still be received. See Signal Health for more information about the sensitivity limit.
NEVER change the packet rate while flying as this FORCES A DISCONNECT between the TX and RX.
Telem Ratiosets the telemetry ratio, how much of the packet rate is used to send telemetry. The options, in order of increasing telemetry rate, are:
Off, 1:128, 1:64, 1:32, 1:16, 1:8, 1:4, 1:2. A Telem Ratio of 1:64 means one out of every 64 packets are used for telemetry data. For information on telemetry setup, see First Flight: Telemetry and Telemetry Bandwidth.
The Switch Mode setting controls how channels AUX1-AUX8 are sent to the receiver (the 4 main channels are always 10-bit). The options are
Hybrid & Wide. Hybrid mode is 6x ⅔/6-position + 1x 16-position, and Wide is 7x 64 or 128-position. For detail about the differences, see the Switch Configs documentation.
The Switch Mode can only be changed when not connected to a receiver. The top right corner of the lua script will show a
- if you're not connected.
Model Match is used to prevent accidentally selecting the wrong model in the handset and flying with an unexpected handset or ELRS configuration. Setting this to
On while a receiver is connected will make that receiver only connect with the current Receiver ID. Setting it to
Off will allow a connection with any bound receiver (including those using a Bind Phrase). Both sides of the connection must agree on their Model Match setting. For a detailed explanation of how this restricts connections see Model Match.
TX Power is a folder, press ENTER to enter the TX Power settings and use RTN/EXIT to exit the folder.
Max Powersets the maxumum power level your TX will transmit at. Selecting a power level higher or lower than your TX supports will revert to the closest supported level. The options are
10, 25, 50, 100, 250, 500, 1000 & 2000mW. If Dynamic Power is set to
Offthis is the power level your TX always uses.
Dynamicenables the Dynamic Power feature.
Offmeans that the TX will transmit at Max Power at all times.
Onmeans the TX will dynamically lower power to save energy when maximum power is not needed. The options
AUX9, AUX10, AUX11, AUX12indicate that the TX can be changed from max power to dynamic power by changing the position of a switch. where switch HIGH (>1500us) = dynamic power, switch LOW (<1500us) = max power. For more information, Dynamic Transmit Power provides a deeper dive on the algorithm and usage.
Fan Threshsets the power level the Fan should activate, e.g. if set to 100mW, then the fan should spin up if you set
Max Powerto 100mW with
Dynamicset to OFF after a short delay. The fan will continue running for some time even after the power level goes below the threshold. Not all modules have a Fan header that benefits from the setting. . Default fan threshold is 250mW.
VTX Administrator allows you to change your VTX settings directly from your radio, and have those VTX settings be applied to any receiver you connect to. The VTX settings are sent every time a new connection is acquired, or when
[Send VTX] is pressed. VTX Administrator will only send data when disarmed
Bandsets the VTX band, the options are
Off, A, B, E, F, R & L, the standard analog FPV bands.
Offmeans that VTX Administrator will not adjust any VTX settings.
Channelsets the VTX channel, the options are
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 & 8which are the standard channels in the above bands.
Pwr Lvlsets the VTX power by index, the options are
-, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, & 8which are the power levels that your VTX can do. Refer to your VTX table settings on the flight controller for the exact power levels. For example a VTX may have 1 = 25mW, 2 = 100mwW, 3 = 200mW, 4 = 500mW.
Pitmodethe options are
On & Offwhich allow you to quickly switch into or out of pitmode
Finally pressing the
[Send VTX]button sends the configured settings to the receiver and on to the VTX. These settings are also sent every time a connection is established.
This section contains all the WiFi-related functions.
Enable WiFiwill activate Tx module WiFi mode for updating via WiFi (if the Tx Module has WiFi Capabilities). Visit this page for instructions on how the updating process works.
Enable Rx WiFiwill put the bound and connected receiver into WiFi mode to facilitate updating via WiFi (if the receiver has WiFi capabilities).
Enable Backpack WiFiwill put the Tx Backpack into WiFi mode (available only to TX modules with backpacks connected and updated to the new Backpack firmwares).
Enable VRx WiFiwill put the VRx Backpack that is bound and connected to the onboard TX Backpack into WiFi mode to facilitate updating via WiFi.
[Bind] button activates binding mode for traditional binding. This does nothing for users who have configured a bind phrase and is not needed. For more information check out this page on binding.
BLE Joystick (ESP32 TXes Only)¶
[BLE Joystick] selection activates BluetoothLE Joystick mode which allows connection to simulators through the bluetooth of your computer. Reboot or change models to exit this mode.
Troubleshooting the Lua Script¶
ExpressLRS Lua Script is stuck at
Go back to the Radio Setup Guide and make sure your radio is prepped up for ExpressLRS.
Also make sure your module has been flashed with v2.0 firmware. V2 Lua for V2.0-flashed modules, V1 Lua for v1.x-flashed modules (including modules fresh from factory; except the new OLED-equipped NamimnoRC modules and the Happymodel ES24TX Pro full-size module).
For newly-acquired ExpressLRS modules, flashing via USB is the recommended update method.
On v1.x, I can choose 2W on the Lua, but I cannot do that anymore. What gives?¶
This means your module cannot go that high or that low. The power levels you can select on the new Lua script is based off the power levels your module supports.
This also applies to other options like
Enable Backpack WiFi or
BLE Joystick. If your module doesn't support any of these features, it won't show up on the Lua Script.